April 23 – Pixinguinha’s birthday
and Choro Day in Brazil
Alfredo da Rocha Vianna, Jr., nicknamed the ” Pixinguinha” born in Piedade, carioca suburb, on April 23, 1898, Saint George’s Day, (also known as Ogum’s Day) he was a recognized master of the flute at 22, with several records. It was September, 1920. After touring São Paulo and Minas, Os Oito Batutas were invited to work at the Theatro Municipal’s Assírio cabaret, accompany the performances of Duque and Gabi, a dance couple who became famous in Europe dancing to maxixe (a Brazilian genre derived from Lundu and a direct precursor of choro). At Duque’s suggestion, millionaire Eduardo Guinle, a huge admirer of the Batutas, decided to sponser the group for a tour in Europe. They arrived in Paris in the winter of 1922 to play in the Scheherazade cabaret, where Duque had already danced successfully. Read more>
Candido Portinari (December 29, 1903 – Feb 6,1962)
The painting “Chorinho” is from 1942
Portinari was one of the the most important Brazilian painters and also a prominent and influential practitioner on the neo-realism style in painting.
The word choro in Portuguese literally means “to cry,” which seems like an ironic name for music that is often so joyous and celebratory. Actually the term refers to the lilting or “weeping” qualities of the solo instrument, usually a flute or clarinet (Think of the way Benny Goodman could “wail”).
Choro music is roots jazz from Brazil, and considered Brazil’s first “urban pop” music. In this unique show you will experience a wide range of pieces by many of Brazil’s important 20th century composers, including Pixinguinha, Jacob do Bandolim, Paulinho da Viola, Orlando Silveira, and many more.
The Choro (Crying), considered one of the oldest gender and rich instrumental music from Brazil. This style of music has been presented since the nineteenth century in all regions of the country.These days, Choro is enjoying a renaissance not only in Brazil but around the world.
Choro instruments commonly played in choro
Originally choro was played by a trio of flute, guitar and cavaquinho (a small chordophone with four strings). Other instruments commonly played in choro are the mandolin, clarinet, saxophone, trumpet and trombone. These melody instruments are backed by a rhythm section composed of guitar, 7-string guitar (playing bass lines) and light percussion, such as a pandeiro. The cavaquinho appears sometimes as a melody instrument, other times as part of the rhythm. Compositional structure: a choro composition usually has three parts, played in a rondo form: AABBACCA, with each section typically in a different key (usually the tonal sequence is: principal key->relative mode->sub-dominant key). There are a variety of choros in both major and minor keys.
“CARINHOSO” – FIRST CHORO RECORDED
1928 BY PIXINGUINHA
BMF CHORO COLLECTIVE
FIRST INTERNATIONAL CHORO FESTIVAL – USA 2015
by Madalena Sousa & Mila Schiavo